Navratri is a Hindu festival which is observed for 9 nights and 10 days (Vijaya Dashmi). During Navratri, nine forms of Goddess Durga are worshipped. In each place, celebration of Navratri is different.
21 Sep, Thu – 29 Sep, Fri
(Vijayadashami: 30 Sep, Sat)
Navratri is a multi day Hindu Festival which is celebrated in every autumn season. It is observed that Durga Puja is celebrated in most part of the Indian Subcontinent. During this time people worship for the Goddess Durga. Out of the Nine Days each day is refferd for one another Durga Ji. The festival is celebrated in the month of Ashvin which is the bright half of the Hindu Calendar and which falls in the month of September and October. Puja is also done for all the Nav Durga.
Navratri when translated to English, it means Nine Nights, which is the time of relaxation and bringing back of enthusiasm in the body. And if we don’t do, the next day we suffer by not doing our predetermined activities.
In Eastern and North-Eastern India-
Navratri is taken as Durga Puja where Goddess Durga battles and gain the victory over the buffalo demon as to help Dharma.
In Northern and Western India-
Navratri is synonymous with “Ram Lila” and celebration of Dussehra which is celebrated in the Victory of God Rama over the King Ravana(The Demon).
In Southern India-
Navratri is celebrated in the Victory of different goddess, Rama and Saraswati and more.
In each theme the common was that the battle were fought and for the Victory Navratri is celebrated, where Good wins over the Evil based on the Epic history Book Ramayana.
|Also Known As||Durga Puja|
|Type of||Hindu festival|
|Celebrations Of||9 days|
|Begins On||Ashvin Shukla Prathama|
|Ends On||Ashvin Shukla Navami|
|Date in 2017||21 Sep, Thu – 29 Sep, Fri
(Vijayadashami: 30 Sep, Sat)
|Date in 2018||9 Oct, Tue – 17 Oct, Wed
(Vijayadashami: 18 Oct, Thu)
- Maa Shailputri
- Maa Brahmacharini
- Maa Chandrghata
- Maa Kushmanda
- Maa Sknada
- Maa Katyayani
- Maa Kali
- Maa Maha Gauri
- Maa Sidhidatri
Navratri Festival Days:
|Day 1||Shailaputri Puja , Ghatasthapana|
|Day 2||Brahmacharini Puja|
|Day 3||Chandraghanta Puja|
|Day 4||Kushmanda Puja|
|Day 5||Skandamata Puja, Upang Lalita Vrat|
|Day 6||Katyayani Puja|
|Day 7||Kalaratri Puja, Maha Saptami|
|Day 8||Mahagauri Puja, Mahashtami, Kumari Puja, Durgashtami|
|Day 9||Siddhidatri Puja, Maha Navami, Navami Homa|
Maa is worshipped in the first Day of Navratri. It is believed that she Governs the Moon which is the provider of the fortunes. Shailputri is knowns as Hemavati and Parvati.
|| ॐ देवी शैलपुत्र्यै नमः ||
|| Om Devi Shailputryai Namah||
Maa is worshipped in the Second Day of Navratri. It is believed that she Governs the Planet Mangal which is the provider of the fortunes. She carries a Japa Mala and Kamandal.
|| ॐ देवी ब्रह्मचारिण्यै नमः ||
|| Om Devi Brahmacharinyai Namah||
Maa is worshipped in the Third Day of Navratri. It is believed that she Governs the Planet Shukra. She mounts on Tigeress and wears a semi-circular moon on her forehead.
॥ ॐ देवी चन्द्रघण्टायै नमः॥
||Om Devi Chandraghantayai Namah||
Maa is worshipped in the Fourth Day of Navratri. It is believed that she provides direction and energy which means she governs the Sun. She is also known as Asthabhuja Durga.
॥ॐ देवी कूष्माण्डायै नमः॥
॥Om Devi Kushmandayai Namah॥
Maa is worshipped in the Fifth Day of Navratri. She governs the planet Budha. She mounts on the ferocious Lion. Her complexion is Shubhra.
॥ॐ देवी स्कन्दमातायै नमः॥
॥Om Devi Skandamatayai Namah॥
Maa is worshipped in the Sixth Day of Navratri. It is believed that she governs the planet Brishaspati. She rides on the magnificiant Lion.
॥ॐ देवी कात्यायन्यै नमः॥
॥Om Devi Katyayanyai Namah॥
Maa is worshipped in the Seventh Day of Navratri. It is believed that governs the planet Shani. As her name depicts that her complexion is Dark or Black. She mounts on a donkey. Her name is also called as Kalaratri or Kaalratri.
Mantra- ॥ ॐ देवी कालरात्र्यै नमः ॥
॥ Om Devi Kalaratryai Namah॥
Maa Maha Gauri:
Maa is worshipped on the Eighth Day of Navratri. It is believed that she governs the planet Rahu. She rides on bull thatswhy she is known as Vrisharudha. By her name we can know that her complexion is too fair.
॥ॐ देवी महागौर्यै नमः॥
॥Om Devi Mahagauryai Namah॥
Maa is worshipped in the last day i.e., Ninth Day of Navratri. It is believed that she governs the planet Ketu as she provides energy and direction. She sits on a Kamal and mounts on the lion. She is not only worshipped by humans but also by Devas(Gods).
॥ ॐ देवी सिद्धिदात्र्यै नमः ॥
॥ Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah ॥
In West Bengal, Navratri is celebrated as Durga Puja. As they believed highly on Durga Mata. In
the last Three Days, “Maha Saptami”, “Durga Asthami”, ”Durga Navami”, the Ritiual of Durga Puja is Performed, this three days are main for them. The ritual of “Bilva Nimantaran” to invite the Durga Maa for Puja and Navpatrika Puja is done on Saptami morning. Finally, Durga Visharjan on the Dashmi Date.
In North India, Nine Durga’s are worshipped on the nine days of the Navratri, every day is dedicated for one Durga Ji, as we seen the days of Durga Maa. Along with this they also believe in Kanya Puja and Kumari Puja.
In South India, people collects nine dolls and display all of them in different days and let it for public viewing, which is also called as Doll Festival. There Navratri is similar to Bommala Kovulu.
Apart from this dolls, the days of Navratri is divided in three equal days. In first three days they worship Goddess Kali. The next three days is for Goddess Laxmi which is meant for growth, wealth and prosperity. And the last three days they worship Goddess Saraswatiwhich is meant for knowledge and learning.
During Navratri, at nights we have dandiya or can say garba. Garba is the main dance form of Gujarat and it’s existence is also from there only. Durga Puja is celebrated very nicely and people are mostly active at this period and many are so excited about this festival as well.